A Study on Endemic Fluorosis in Domestic Ruminants

Sandeep Sukumar, Yamini Verma, Madhu Swamy, R. P.S. Baghel

Abstract


An epidemiological study was conducted to assess the toxic effect of fluoride in domestic ruminants
in the fluoride polluted localities of Seoni district of Madhya Pradesh, India. Sixty animals (20
buffaloes, 20 cattle, and 20 goats) were included in the study in the areas having about 5.0-6.2
ppm fluoride level in drinking water. Dental lesions (clinical score 0 to 5) were the most common
clinical signs, followed by bony exostosis and lameness in affected animals. The other signs like
emaciation, hoof deformity, hypogalactia, anestrous and repeat breeding were reported by farmers
in the animals of fluoride polluted area. High fluoride concentrations were observed in serum
samples of buffalo, cattle and goats (0.380±0.022, 0.233±0.022 and 0.181± 0.011 μg/ml) as
compared to their respective controls. Haematological parameters in naturally fluoride toxicated
animals revealed significant reduction in haemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, total
erythrocyte count and leukocyte count indicative of anemia due to fluoride stress. The differential
leukocyte count revealed significantly higher lymphocytes per cent and lower neutrophils per cent
in animals of fluoride polluted area as compared to unpolluted area.

Keywords


Fluorosis, Epidemiology, Domestic ruminants, Buffalo, Cattle, Goats.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21887/ijvsbt.v13i03.10603

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