Phenotypic and Molecular Characterization of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Producing Escherichia coli from Poultry

  • D. B. Barad Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and AH, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India
  • J H Purohit Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and AH, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India
  • B. B. Javia Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and AH, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India
  • H. H. Savsani Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and AH, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India.
  • B. S. Mathapati Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and AH, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India.
  • S. N. Ghodasara Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and AH, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India.
  • V. A. Kalariya Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and AH, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India.
  • J. S. Patel Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and AH, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India.

Abstract

The present study was undertaken with the objective of phenotypic and molecular characterization of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing E. coli isolates from poultry. A total of 300 cloacal swabs were collected, i.e., 200 from layer birds and 100 from broiler birds from three different farms in and around Junagadh district of Gujarat state. Out of 300 samples, 126 (42.00%) samples yielded E. coli. These isolates belonged to layer 85 (42.50%) and broiler 41 (41.00%) birds. Out of 126 isolates, 27 (21.43%) were confirmed as ESBL producers, i.e., 19 (22.35%) and 8 (19.51%) from layer and broiler birds, respectively, by initial screening of isolates for their susceptibility to any of the third and fourth generation cephalosporins or monobactam antibiotics by disc diffusion method and further confirmation by combination disc method using ESBL identification kits. Out of 27 phenotypically confirmed ESBL E. coli isolates blaTEM was detected in 21 (77.78%) and blaAmpC was detected in 15 (55.56%) isolates, while all the 27 isolates were found negative for the presence of blaSHV and blaCTXM genes. All the 27 isolates were found positive for either blaTEM or blaAmpC gene. Nine (33.33%) out of 27 isolates were found positive for both blaTEM and blaAmpC genes. The findings warrant the need for more strict regulations for usage of antibiotics in veterinary practices in order to prevent the emergence and dissemination of multidrug resistant E. coli pathogens among birds, animals, and humans.
Keywords: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase, Escherichia coli, blaTEM, blaCTXM, blaSHV, blaAmpC, Phenotypic characterization.

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Barad, D., J. Purohit, B. Javia, H. Savsani, B. Mathapati, S. Ghodasara, V. Kalariya, and J. Patel. “Phenotypic and Molecular Characterization of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Producing Escherichia Coli from Poultry”. THE INDIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCES AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol. 15, no. 01, July 2019, pp. 26-30, doi:10.21887/ijvsbt.15.1.6.