Congenital Hydrocephalus in a Calf and its Surgical Treatment: A Case Report

  • S K Shamra Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner, Navania, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur, India
  • R. Saini Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner, Navania, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur, India
  • P. R. Aziz Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner, Navania, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur, India
  • L. A. Mir Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner, Navania, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur, India
  • R. Pooniya Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner, Navania, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur, India

Abstract

Hydrocephalus is an accumulation of excessive fluid in durameter or ventricles of the brain (Purohit et al., 2012) thereby leading to the swelling of the cranium. It is mainly due to abnormal development of the fetus during pregnancy; however, hereditary, infectious, and nutritional factors can also predispose this condition. This condition has been reported occasionally in the ewe, doe, mare, and sow, whilst it is rarely seen in cattle and buffalo (Long, 2001). Hydrocephalus occurs mainly due to three reasons, as excessive production of CSF, defective absorption of CSF, and interference in the passage of CSF. Hydrocephalus may cause increased intracranial cerebral pressure, progressive enlargement of the head, convulsions, mental disability, and even death. This communication describes a case of congenital hydrocephalous in a day-old female cattle calf.
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How to Cite
Shamra, S., R. Saini, P. Aziz, L. Mir, and R. Pooniya. “Congenital Hydrocephalus in a Calf and Its Surgical Treatment: A Case Report”. THE INDIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCES AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol. 15, no. 01, July 2019, pp. 81-82, doi:10.21887/ijvsbt.15.1.20.